The Benevolent and Protective
Order of Elks

Elks Veterans Memorial Building
White rotunda, Elks Veterans Memorial Building
The Elks Veterans Memorial Building, the centerpiece of the Chicago, Illinois, campus of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, now has landmark status. Dedicated in 1926, the rotunda’s magnificent murals and statues honor veterans of all wars and showcase the value of peace. Adjoining the memorial building are BPO Elks administrative offices, including the Elks National Veterans Service Department, and the Elks National Foundation. Adjacent is The Elks Magazine Building.
White rotunda, Elks Veterans Memorial Building
The Elks Veterans Memorial Building, the centerpiece of the Chicago, Illinois, campus of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, now has landmark status. Dedicated in 1926, the rotunda’s magnificent murals and statues honor veterans of all wars and showcase the value of peace. Adjoining the memorial building are BPO Elks administrative offices, including the Elks National Veterans Service Department, and the Elks National Foundation. Adjacent is The Elks Magazine Building.

Under the spreading antlers of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks are almost 800,000 members who form a quiet network of people doing good deeds. Elks pour hundreds of millions of dollars into helping youngsters, college-bound students, old or handicapped people, veterans, active-duty armed forces—anyone who needs assistance. And they do it every year! In 2014 alone, $330,502,671 was contributed in cash, goods, transportation, and volunteer work within communities across the nation.

Ten of the fifteen originators of the BPO Elks, circa 1868
Ten of the fifteen originators of the BPO Elks are shown here with, uncharacteristically for them, serious demeanors. These New York City theater entertainers were in fact carefree and fun-loving but soon found that charitable endeavors were their strong passion. When they adopted “charity” as one of their guiding principles, they changed their club’s name in February 1868 from the Jolly Corks to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The elk was chosen as the symbol of the Order because this magnificent animal is distinctly American, strong, and protective. Pictured are (front, from left) Frank Langhorn, William Sheppard, John T. Kent, and Harry Bosworth with (back, from left) E. W. Platt, William Carleton, Richard R. Steirly, Charles A. Vivian, Henry Vandermark, and M. G. Ashe.
Originators of the BPO Elks-1868

This quiet network of good deeds has profoundly changed millions of lives for the better, yet there is little public awareness of the impact of the BPO Elks’ vital work. Why is this so? Quite simply, the Elks have rarely sought recognition, nor have they gone to the general public with fund-raising efforts or received money from any level of government. Indeed, the flow of cash and goods moves in the opposite direction. For example, the Elks contribute regularly to schools and police and fire departments and assist the young and the needy throughout this great nation.

First page of PDF, Eyes on the Sky: America Enters the Airmail Age
“Eyes on the Sky: America Enters the
Airmail Age” (PDF)

From its inception in 1868 by fifteen New York City entertainers, through its growth to almost 800,000 members in the United States, with a complex national organizational structure, effective communication has been essential. Within the BPOE, from every level of the organization to every other level, information flows via mail. With the help of the US Postal Service, the BPO Elks have been able to maintain a consistent exchange of information.

The official publication of the BPO Elks is The Elks Magazine, which focuses on the programs of the Order and the charitable activities of the lodges, but also contains feature articles of general interest and columns on finance and health.

The Elks Magazine cover, June 1922, shows a man and two children raising a USA flag
1922 issue of The Elks Magazine
(PDF)

The magazine is mailed to the individual member’s homes ten times a year, for an annual mailing of almost 8 million copies. The editorial offices are in Chicago, and printing is handled by Quad Graphics in Hartford, Wisconsin. The published magazine is drop shipped from Sussex, Wisconsin, to regional sites for entry into the mail stream and final delivery to each member’s home.

Twice a year, the Elks National Foundation sends fund-raising letters to the members, and members are generous in their donations and bequests. In the 2015–2016 fraternal year alone, the foundation received over $9 million from the Elks members.

Lodges send monthly bulletins to their members, state organizations send monthly newsletters to their lodges, and the national headquarters sends a plethora of newsletters, magazines, and letters—indeed, the entire organization is in active communication, and the US Postal Service plays a significant role in this communication.

For the Young

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These students taking part in their homecoming parade showcase the strong role the Elks play in helping youth develop and learn in Brainerd, Minnesota.
Elks help youth develop and learn.

Wherever you live in the United States, you probably have an Elks lodge not far from you. If you have a child in elementary school, you may know that the Elks give dictionaries and textbooks to the schools. If you have a child in high school, you may be aware that the Elks are one of the largest private providers of college scholarships.

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The seventy-two finalists in the Elks National Hoop Shoot gathered in Chicago for the national finals, in which six contestants—one boy and one girl, in three age-groups—would attain first place. All contestants and their families were fully sponsored for the trip, and travel, food, and lodging was provided by the Elks National Foundation.
Elks National Hoop Shoot finalists

Other programs provided by the Elks for the benefit of children—and with no cost to the parents—include athletic contests such as the Soccer Shoot and the Hoop Shoot, a national drug-awareness and prevention program, and a scholarship program for college-bound high school students—the Most Valuable Student scholarship.

Refer to caption
The Elks have long worked to promote healthy alternatives to drug use and have provided information, programs, and activities to help youngsters avoid the dangers of drugs and alcohol. Here the Mission Viejo-Saddleback Valley, California, Lodge members and young volunteers are shown staffing an educational booth during a community Walk against Drugs event.
Elks say no to drugs.

From sponsorships of youth fairs, career nights, student government days, athletic and educational programs, clubs, scouting troops, and much more, the Elks truly are making a difference in the lives of so many young people. It’s this caring commitment that makes the BPOE the fraternal organization most actively engaged in promoting strong and healthy futures for young people.

For Veterans

Since 1917, the BPOE has demonstrated its compassion for the veterans of our armed forces. Indeed, the Order’s pledge that “So long as there are veterans, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks will never forget them” is faithfully observed by the Elks National Service Commission and members of Elks lodges throughout the country.

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Veterans are invited by the Elks for such activities as sports events, dinners, and fishing or hunting outings. For example, the Marietta, Georgia, Lodge invited twenty veterans to spend the afternoon and evening at the lodge, watching a football game and enjoying dinner.
Activities for Veterans

During World War I, the Grand Lodge allocated $2 million to finance efforts to assist US soldiers. The Order organized and equipped the first two base hospitals in France, and to accommodate the wounded, the Elks built a 700-bed reconstruction hospital and gave it to the War Department in 1918. This was the first of what was to become the VA medical centers. That same year, the Order built a 72-room Community House to take care of the families visiting the 400,000 soldiers stationed at Camp Sherman, Ohio.

Refer to caption
Members of the Tampa, Florida, Lodge invited veterans from the James A. Haley Veterans Hospital to a party at the lodge to celebrate the Gasparilla Pirate Festival.
Activities for Veterans

Following the war’s end, the Elks made 40,000 rehabilitation, vocational, and educational loans to disabled veterans. This service was so effective that the government followed the Order’s example and established a revolving fund that was the precursor to the GI Bill.

Today, the BPOE continues its ongoing service to our nation’s veterans and has an initiative to end veterans’ homelessness and unemployment. Regular stand downs are held, where veterans can receive needed goods, medical and dental care, clothing and food, and opportunities to interview for work.

And the regular visits that Elks make to veterans in nursing homes and hospitals are now part of the fabric of the lodges’ activities, bringing food, fun, and attention to these treasured members of our society, the ones who offered their lives to preserve our freedoms.

For Active-Duty Armed Forces Personnel

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The Jefferson City, Missouri, Lodge hosted a dinner for the officers and crew of the USS Jefferson City, which is a US Navy submarine. The crew members were visiting their vessel’s namesake city while the vessel was undergoing an overhaul at the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard.
Dinner for Navy officers

Lodges throughout the nation often send packages to troops serving overseas, give them dinner parties when they deploy and when they come home, and help support the USO with supplies and volunteer assistance.

And for the families of active-duty armed forces personnel, Elks have the Army of Hope, which assists families in their daily lives. The help may be in the form of food or goods, purchasing or fixing appliances, or the skilled services of plumbers, carpenters, electricians—and even a hand from accountants and lawyers in dealing with paperwork.

For Communities

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Support Our Youth stamp, Elks, 1968
Support Our Youth stamp, Elks, 1968

Each lodge raises money and looks within its own community to see how best to serve the local needs. Whether it is the school system, which could use new dictionaries or books for the library; the police department, which could use trained dogs; the fire department, which could use new equipment; or the handicapped resident, who needs a ramp built to their house to make it wheelchair accessible, the Elks will step in to assist.

Grants from the Elks National Foundation add substantial monies to fund worthwhile charitable activities, such as food pantries, outreach to nursing homes and veterans hospitals, and developing programs for schools.

For Help in Troubled Times

The Elks Magazine cover, July-August 2016, shows Virginia's Blue Ridge landscape
July-August 2016 cover of The Elks Magazine
July-August 2016 cover of The Elks Magazine

Through the years, the Elks have been responsible for aiding the men, women, and children whose lives have been affected by extraordinary circumstances. No matter the cause of the disaster—earthquakes, fires, tornadoes, hurricanes, epidemics, and tidal waves—the Elks have been among the first organizations to lend a helping hand in troubled times.

In 1871, three years after the founding of the BPOE, the Order sprang into action to provide assistance to residents affected by the great fire in Chicago. Elks also helped families that suffered in the devastating Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flood of 1889.

Following the 1906 earthquake in San Francisco, the Order was the first organization to respond, and within twelve hours, the Elks’ relief efforts were in full swing. In Oakland, California, the Elks equipped hospitals, established temporary shelters for nearly 2,000 displaced people, and provided food and financial support.

Today, the BPOE continues its commitment to participate in disaster relief. Of course, the Elks were there for 9/11, with money and goods; Katrina, too, elicited immediate and ongoing help from the Order.

How Can the Elks Do All This?

The answer is simpler than you might think. While substantial monies are solicited from members via fund-raising letters, Elks also raise money by directly asking members for it, by having fun, and by holding profit-making activities, like raffles, dinner-dances, golf outings, motorcycle rallies, and parties. All of these can provide a positive cash flow, and members do not hesitate to reach into their own pockets to contribute to whatever project is at hand. Additionally, early on in the organization, at all levels—from lodge to state to national—the importance of accruing assets by investing wisely has meant that income from these assets can also be used to add to the funding of the many activities of the Order.

Another part of the answer of how the Elks can so effectively be charitable is that the elected leaders of the BPOE—from the lodge level to the national president—serve without salaries. Only at the Chicago headquarters campus of the organization is there a small cadre of employees to serve the objectives of the tremendous group of volunteers who make up the BPOE. Located at the Chicago campus are the Elks National Headquarters, the Elks Veterans Memorial Building, the Elks National Foundation, the Elks National Veterans Service Department, and the editorial and circulation departments of The Elks Magazine.

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Today, the BPO Elks members continue their mission to extend charity, promote patriotism, and serve their communities, and the US Postal Service is an invaluable aid in these efforts.

Elks Care—Elks Share