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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Stamps issued: 1998-PRESENT

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150k Lioness and Cubs single

In January 1960, Belgium agreed to grant independence to the Belgian Congo, and general elections were held May 31. On June 30, the country became independent. The Congo was immediately torn by domestic violence, causing most whites to flee and two of the richest regions, Katanga and South Kasai, to secede. In August, Belgian troops were replaced by United Nations forces, which gradually restored order and suppressed the independence movements in the south. In 1963 Katanga was reunited with the Congo, and on June 30, 1964, its president, Moise Tshombe, became president of the Congo. Within months of the U.N. withdrawal (June 1964), yet another separatist movement broke out, when leftists proclaimed a people's republic in Stanleyville. The central government suppressed this uprising, with the support of Belgian and white mercenary troops. In 1965, General Joseph D. Mobutu became president. He began an Africanization program, wherein all Congolese with Christian names were required to adopt African names (he became Mobutu Sese Seko), Congolese place names were changed and, in 1971, the Congo itself was renamed the Republic of Zaire. After more than two decades of corrupt and inefficient rule, Mobutu was overthrown in 1997, and Zaire again became the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News

Precedent Countries:


ZAIRE
Stamps issued: 1971-1998

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40s Zaire Arms single
 

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
Stamps issued: 1960-1971

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53f Figure with Earrings and Kneeling Woman with Bowl single
 

FERNANDO PO SPANISH COLONY
Stamps issued: 1868-1961

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15c surcharge and overprint on Fernando Po revenue stamp single
 

BELGIAN CONGO
Stamps issued: 1908-1960

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15c Kivu Kraal single
 

SPANISH GUINEA
Stamps issued: 1902-1959

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25c Nipa House single
 

FRENCH GUINEA
Stamps issued: 1892-1944

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30-centime Hausa Basket Workers single
 

ELOBEY, ANNOBON AND CORISCO
Stamps issued: 1903-1910

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4c King Alfonso XIII single
 

CONGO FREE STATE
Stamps issued: 1886-1908

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10c River Scene on the Congo invert error single
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10c River Scene on the Congo single
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3.50fr Congo Village single

 

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