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Morocco

Stamps issued: 1956-PRESENT

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5.50-dirham Traditional Crafts single

A kingdom in northwestern Africa, bordering on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Once a powerful state embracing much of Spain and North Africa in the 12th century, Moroccan power declined thereafter. European encroachment led to the division of the country into French (southern) and Spanish (northern) protectorates in 1912, although tribal resistance continued for two more decades. In 1956, the two zones were reunited and Morocco again became independent. Morocco has since expanded by absorbing Tangier (1956), Ifni (1969), the northern two-thirds of the Spanish Sahara (1976) and the southern portion of the Spanish Sahara in 1980. Morocco waged a bitter war in the former Spanish Sahara against the Polisario Front, which claims independence for the region, until 1990. A United Nations-sponsored referendum on self-determination for the region has not yet taken place.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News

Precedent Countries:


SPANISH SAHARA
Stamps issued: 1924-1976

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10p Taureg and Camel single

A former Spanish possession in northwestern Africa, comprising Cape Juby, La Aguera and Rio de Oro. A large (100,000 square mile), sparsely populated (12,793 in 1960) area, the Spanish Sahara is mostly desert and was of little interest to outsiders until the discovery of rich phosphate deposits. From the 1960s, Morocco, Mauritania and Algeria all pressed claims to the area. In November 1975, thousands of unarmed Moroccans crossed into the territory (the "Green March"), and in February 1976, Spain withdrew from the colony. The Spanish Sahara was divided between Morocco and Mauritania, although a nationalist group, Polisario, declared the area independent and, with Algerian support, continued to wage a guerrilla war against Morocco and Mauritania. In 1980, Mauritania made peace with Polisario and gave up its portion of the area to Morocco. Fighting between Polisario and Morocco continues.

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IFNI
Stamps issued: 1941-1969

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3p Nomads single

A Spanish enclave on the western coast of Morocco. Ceded to Spain in 1860, Ifni was occupied in 1934. In 1969, Spain returned the area to Morocco, whose stamps replaced those of the colony.

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SPANISH MOROCCO
Stamps issued: 1903-1956

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25c Arab Postman single

The northern portion of Morocco, administered by Spain until 1956, when it was merged into the independent Kingdom of Morocco.

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FRENCH MOROCCO
Stamps issued: 1891-1955

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15-franc Post Rider and Public Letter Writer single

Former French protectorate in northwest Africa. The greater part of Morocco became a French protectorate in 1912. In 1956, the French and Spanish zones were united as the independent kingdom of Morocco.

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SPANISH WEST AFRICA
Stamps issued: 1949-1951

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4p Native single

The former administrative unit comprising the Spanish colonies of Ifni, Spanish Sahara and southern Morocco.

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TANGIER INTERNATIONAL CITY
Stamps issued: 1948-1950

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45c Tangier Street single

In 1923, Great Britain, France and Spain declared Tangier, in northern Morocco, an international zone. Stamps of French Morocco and Spanish Morocco, as well as special British, French and Spanish issues for Tangier, were used. In 1957, the city was annexed by Morocco.

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CAPE JUBY
Stamps issued: 1916-1948

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Overprint on 10c stamp of Spanish Morocco single

A Spanish possession in the western Sahara on the Atlantic coast, opposite the Canary Islands. Secured by agreement with France, Spanish troops occupied Cape Juby in 1916, at which time overprinted stamps of Rio de Oro were issued. From 1916 to 1919, stamps of Rio de Oro and Spanish Morocco were used in the area. In January 1919, overprinted stamps again appeared, and these remained in use until 1948, when they were replaced by those of the Spanish Sahara.

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LA AGUERA
Stamps issued: 1920-1922

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Overprint on 10p stamp of Rio de Oro single

District in the western Sahara on the Atlantic coast of Africa. A Spanish possession, La Aguera issued its own stamps until 1924, when it was attached to the Spanish Sahara.

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RIO DE ORO
Stamps issued: 1905-1922

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5c surcharge and overprint on Portugese East Africa revenue stamp single

A former Spanish colony on the northwest coast of Africa. Rio de Oro was incorporated into the Spanish Sahara in 1924.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News

 

TETUAN
Stamps issued: 1908

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Overprint on 40c stamp of Spain single

A city in northern Morocco, formerly part of Spanish Morocco. The city name was handstamped on 15 Spanish and Spanish Offices in Morocco stamps for use there in 1908.

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