Two groups of islands in the West Indies, south of the Bahamas. Ruled by Great Britain from the Bahamas after the early 18th century, the Turks and Caicos were separated as a colony in 1848 and became a dependency of Jamaica in 1873. In 1959, they became part of the Federation of the West Indies. When the federation dissolved in 1962, the Turks and Caicos again became a British crown colony.
A group of islands in the West Indies, south of the Bahamas. In 1848, along with the Caicos Islands, they were transferred from Bahamian to Jamaican administration, first as a separate colony (1848-73) and later as a dependency of Jamaica (1873-1959). Stamps inscribed "Turks and Caicos Islands" replaced those inscribed "Turks Islands" in 1900.