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Canada

Stamps issued: 1851-PRESENT

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5-cent St. Lawrence Seaway invert error single

In 1851 the province of Canada separated its postal services from the General Post Office in London and issued its own first stamps. These first stamps depicted a beaver, Prince Albert, and Queen Victoria. During this period, other provinces—British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland—also issued their own stamps. These provinces eventually formed the Confederation of Canada, and by the 1870s had ceased issuing their own stamps. The one exception was Newfoundland, which continued issuing its own stamps until it joining the Confederation in 1949.

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2-cent Map of British Empire on Mercator Map single

Beginning in 1867, stamps issued by the Dominion of Canada featured portraits of Queen Victoria. These stamps featured the queen at various stages of her life, culminating with the Jubilee Issue of 1897. Definitive issues continued until her death in 1902. Early commemorative issues charted the history of Canada. A Quebec Tercentary set was issued in 1908, and a 1917 stamp celebrated the Confederation's golden jubilee. Canada and the United States issued identical stamps celebrating the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959.

Canadian stamps were originally inscribed only in English, but from 1927 onwards they were inscribed in French as well. Canada issued its first airmail stamp in 1928 and its first semi-postal stamps in 1974. The stamps of Canada are very popular with collectors and provide a variety of themes, frequently featuring Canada's history, culture, and wildlife.

Bruce Petersen

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1-cent Queen Victoria single
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6-cent Queen Victoria single
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$5 Queen Victoria single
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10-cent Mount Hood single
 
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12-cent gray Quebec Bridge single
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50-cent Schooner "Bluenose" single
 

Precedent Countries:


NEWFOUNDLAND
Stamps issued: 1857-1947

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3p Rose, Thistle and Shamrock single

An island off the eastern coast of Canada, under British rule from the 16th century. With the mainland territory of Labrador, Newfoundland formed a British dominion until its incorporation into Canada in 1949.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News


PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Stamps issued: 1861-1872

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6-cent Queen Victoria single

An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in northeastern North America. Prince Edward Island was a British colony until 1873 when it joined the Canadian Confederation.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News


BRITISH COLUMBIA
Stamps issued: 1865-1869

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3p Seal of British Columbia single

A Canadian province on the northwest coast of North America, bordering on the Pacific Ocean. The two British colonies of Vancouver (established 1849) and British Columbia (established 1858) united in 1866 and joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News


VANCOUVER ISLAND
Stamps issued: 1860-1865

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10-cent Queen Victoria single

A Canadian province on the northwest coast of North America, bordering on the Pacific Ocean. The two British colonies of Vancouver (established 1849) and British Columbia (established 1858) united in 1866 and joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News


NEW BRUNSWICK
Stamps issued: 1851-1863

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17-cent Edward VII as Prince of Wales single

Former British colony, now a province of Canada. New Brunswick was originally part of the French colony of New France, but it was transferred to Britain in 1713 and was incorporated into the British colony of Nova Scotia. The infusion of Tory emigres from the southern colonies during the American Revolution increased its population dramatically, and it became a separate colony in 1784. In 1867 it united with Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia to form the Confederation of Canada, and Canadian stamps have been used since 1868.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News


NOVA SCOTIA
Stamps issued: 1851-1863

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1p red brown Queen Victoria single

Former British colony in east Canada. Settled by the French in 1607 and British in 1613, the area was disputed, until France ceded its claims to Britain in 1713. Prince Edward Island was separated from Nova Scotia in 1769, New Brunswick in 1784. Nova Scotia joined with Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick to form the Canadian Confederation in 1867, and Canadian stamps have been used since 1868.

Narrative by Linn's Stamp News

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3p Crown of Great Britain & Heraldic Flowers of the Empire single
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6p Crown of Great Britain & Heraldic Flowers of the Empire single

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