An island in the west-central Pacific Ocean. Nauru was a German possession from 1888-1914 and was occupied by Australian forces during World War I. From 1920-68, Nauru was a mandate under Australia, New Zealand and Great Britain. It became an independent republic on January 31, 1968. This 8-square-mile island is rich in phosphates, giving the Naureans one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
UNITED NATIONS TRUSTEESHIP ADMINISTERED BY AUSTRALIA