Canada, 1775

Encampment of loyalists in Johnstown
Encampment of the Loyalists in Johnstown, a new settlement on the banks of the River St. Lawrence, in Canada West
Courtesy of the Archives of Ontario, RG 2-344-0-0-89

British victory in the Seven Years War (1756-1763) and the subsequent Treaty of Paris (1763) gave the British control of all the land in North America east of the Mississippi River (including Canada), except for New Orleans. There were some early efforts by the revolutionaries to convince the Canadians to join in the fight for independence, but these were largely unsuccessful, and Canada’s ties to Britain remained strong

After the Revolutionary War was over, Canada became a refuge for exiled loyalists.