W.E.B. Du Bois was a critic, editor, scholar, author, civil rights leader, and one of the most influential African-Americans of both the 19th and 20th centuries. He is often called the “father of social science” for his trail-blazing approach to studying social systems and phenomena. He was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, and he served for 25 years as the editor-inchief of the NAACP’s Crisis magazine.
Through the NAACP's "The Crisis", Du Bois drew the critical eye of the nation and Congress to the horrors of lynching and the mistreatment of returning black soldiers from World War I. In later years, Du Bois turned his attention to the global issues of race and the Pan-African Movement.