Civil Rights Movement: Struggle against Lynching
Ida B. Wells Approved Stamp Art by Thomas Blackshear II, c. 1990
Born a slave in Mississippi during the Civil War, Ida B. Wells became a journalist and lecturer who brought worldwide attention to race issues in the United States. She undertook the first systematic, statistical study that exposed the lynching problem.
House of Representatives Anti-lynching Cover, September 29, 1936
Anti-lynching legislation was a perennial cause of the NAACP, but it never passed Congress. This cover contained a Congressional Record extract concerning a bill introduced into the House of Representatives during the Great Depression, when economic conditions contributed to a surge in lynchings.
42¢ Ella Baker and Ruby Hurley, 2009
Ruby Hurley opened the NAACP’s first permanent office in Alabama in 1951. She investigated the murders of several African Americans, including fifteen-year-old Emmet Till, before turning her attention to the desegregation of public universities.
Home Missions Council to Ruby Hurley Cover, September 18, 1951