Black Heritage Stamp Series: Controversies
The Black Heritage series has occasionally drawn criticism, especially when it has depicted individuals who espoused controversial political ideologies.
29¢ W. E. B. Du Bois approved stamp art by Higgins Bond, c. 1992
Targeted during the McCarthy era for his socialist views, W. E. B. Du Bois accepted Ghanaian citizenship and formally joined the Communist Party at the age of 93. Some critics felt that this should have prevented his appearance on a U.S. stamp.
33¢ Malcolm X concept stamp art by Chris Calle, c. 1999
Criticism of the 1999 Black Heritage stamp honoring Malcom X centered on his early association with the Nation of Islam and his controversial view that blacks should advance civil rights “by any means necessary,” including violence.
37¢ Paul Robeson concept stamp art by Albert Slark, c. 2004
Actor and singer Paul Robeson was attracted to communism in the 1930s, when many saw the Soviet Union as the only major world power opposed to Hitler’s rise in Germany. He remained an outspoken supporter of Josef Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev, and Soviet communism until his death.