Credits and Additional Materials

The stamps in this exploration are in the collection of the National Postal Museum and their images are the copyright of the United States Postal Service. All rights reserved. 

This exploration was created by Kate Duffus Stein for Smithsonian Music in conjunction with the Latino Music Spotlight. Special thanks go to Ranald Woodaman of the Smithsonian Latino Center for his review of these materials. 


For additional reading, consider the following materials:

"Biography." Celia Cruz. Accessed October 12, 2016. http://celiacruz.com/biography/.

"Carlos Gardel: Argentina's Tango Maestro." NPR.org. Accessed October 12, 2016. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129783483.

"Carlos Gardel - Concerts, Biography & News - BBC Music." BBC. Accessed October 12, 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/artists/bb54817c-6829-4ccc-bc58-030abb85c583.

Collier, Simon. The Life, Music, and Times of Carlos Gardel. University of Pittsburgh Pre, 1986.

Paul Bullock. "Carmen Miranda - Beneath the Tutti Frutti Hat." Legends. BBC Four, 2007. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0074t4p.

Rohter, Larry. "ARTS ABROAD; The Real Carmen Miranda Under the Crown of Fruit." The New York Times, December 13, 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/13/theater/arts-abroad-the-real-carmen-miranda-under-the-crown-of-fruit.html.

"Selena." Q Productions, Inc. Accessed November 1, 2016. http://www.q-productions.com/selena.html.

"'The Brazilian Bombshell' Carmen Miranda & Her Life with and without the Fruit Hat." Latin Post, January 9, 2014. http://www.latinpost.com/articles/5706/20140109/the-brazilian-bombshell-carmen-miranda-hollywood-fruithat.htm.

"Tito Puente." American Sabor. Accessed October 31, 2016. http://americansabor.org/musicians/tito-puente.

"Tito Puente: 90 Years Of Getting People To Dance." NPR.org. Accessed October 31, 2016. http://www.npr.org/sections/ablogsupreme/2013/04/20/178006676/tito-puente-90-years-of-getting-people-to-dance.

Verhovek, Sam Howe. "Grammy-Winning Singer Selena Killed in Shooting at Texas Motel." The New York Times, April 1, 1995, sec. Obituaries. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/04/01/obituaries/grammy-winning-singer-selena-killed-in-shooting-at-texas-motel.html.

Wadler, Joyce. "Tito Puente, Famed Master Of Latin Music, Is Dead at 77." The New York Times, June 2, 2000. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/06/02/arts/tito-puente-famed-master-of-latin-music-is-dead-at-77.html.