Domestic Mail (6): “Güines”
Posted at Güines on February 27, 1850, this cover
bears an impression of a circular date stamp designed
to include the designated identification number of each
province or territory of the Spanish Empire.
Note the number “30” on each side of
the datestamp. Each of the provinces of Spain were assigned
a number, from 1 to 26 which appeared in the postmark
of every town in that province. The Spanish possessions
in Africa were numbered “27,” the Balearic
Islands received “28,” the Canary Islands
were assigned “29,” Cuba and Puerto Rico
received “30” and the main post office
in the Philippines (Manila) was numbered “31.”
This type of postmark was introduced first in Spain in
1842, and are known as “Baeza” cancellations,
after Don Juan Baeza, the Spanish Minister of Posts, who
had them prepared and issued to the postmasters. The town
of Güines is an important agricultural center and
is located about 20 miles from Havana.
The numeral “1” stamped on the face of the
cover is the amount of postage due, 1 real. It was
received at Havana on the same day as it was posted.
Tome I, number 13: Güines to
Havana, 27 February 1850.