In the midst of praise and complaints about the ZIP Code campaign, Mr. Zip was becoming more than just a household name. The fact that he was appearing in magazines and newspapers, on mail delivery vehicles, in post office lobbies, on the television and radio, as well as popping up in personal mailboxes thanks to the ZIP-A-List campaign, made him into an icon of popular culture. Mr. Zip was everywhere, most notably in the years between 1963 and 1969, and the saturation of American media with his image, as well as his message promoting the use of ZIP Code gave him iconic status. As noted by postal employees, Mr. Zip himself was nothing fancy, just a simply drawn character. It was what he stood for and what he personified that made him unique.(1)
Beginning in 1963, Mr. Zip was presented to the America public in a variety of unique ways. In addition to appearing in advertisements and broadcast public service announcements, he also appeared in formats linked to entertainment and fun. It seems that the incorporation of Mr. Zip into American popular culture was, in part, the result of deliberate actions on the part of the Post Office Department. In a localized feature released to cities for publication in local newspapers, the POD stated, “We fully expect Mr. Zip to become as familiar a figure as the Agriculture Department’s Smokey Bear.”(2) In addition, Mr. Zip was featured in a four-page comic strip released by the Post Office Department.(3) While the comic strip focused on Mr. Zip explaining how ZIP Codes work and why Americans should use ZIP code, the fact that this message was being sent via a medium of popular American entertainment shows that the Post Office Department was conscious that by putting Mr. Zip into a “pop culture format,” it could make ZIP Code more appealing to Americans. The Department even linked Mr. Zip to Santa Claus by inviting children to include the North Pole’s ZIP Code in their letters to Santa. Mr. Zip was referred to as “Santa’s helper,” and he appeared on the cover of a special issue of Postal Bulletin in fall of 1963. Postal Bulletin also explained that all correctly ZIP coded Santa letters should be removed from the mail at local post offices, where Santa reply cards would be addressed and delivered to the children.(4)
The Post Office Department also used celebrity endorsements to promote ZIP Code. One of the first celebrities to endorse ZIP was Johnny Puleo, an American singer, actor and harmonica player. In an advertisement filmed for television broadcast, Puleo urged Americans to use ZIP Code near a Mr. Zip cutout image. Another celebrity used during the ZIP Code campaign was Broadway singer Ethel Merman. She volunteered her talents to sing a ZIP Code promotional jingle to the tune of Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah around 1963. Mr. Zip appeared in a television spot introducing ZIP Code in which Merman’s voice is featured.