Steamship Mail in the 19th Century


Geo H. Baker, “I do not want to be drowned: a song respectfully dedicated to the survivors of the wreck of the Golden Gate,” (San Francisco, Chas. F. Robbins & Co.).

Victor Maximilian Berthold, “The Pioneer Steamer California, 1848-1849,” (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1932).

Mary Hill, “Gold: The California Story,” (University of California Press, 2002).

John G. B. Hutchins, “The American Maritime Industries and Public Policy, 1789-1914,” (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1941).

John Haskell Kemble, “The Panama Route, 1848-1869,” (Berkley and Los Angeles, University of California press, 1943).

Colyer Meriwether, “Raphael Semmes,” (Philadelphia, Penn: George W. Jacobs & Company, 1913).

James K. Polk, Message to the House of Representatives, August 6, 1846.

Duncan S. Somerville, “The Aspinwall Empire,” (Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Museum Inc., 1983).

Robert Tomes, “Panama in 1855,” (New York: Harper & Bros., 1855).