Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk
Dr. Jonas Salk {1914-1995} developed the first safe and effective vaccine against polio, a worldwide viral disease that paralyzed or killed thousands of people annually in the United States alone before the vaccine became available in 1955. President Dwight D. Eisenhower hailed Salk as a "benefactor of mankind." A self-described "Medical Scientist," Salk founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, which brings together scientists and scholars with common interests in the human implications of scientific work.

Close Up: The art for this stamp is a scratchboard portrait. Artist Mark Summers "draws" directly on a board that is covered with a smooth, white waxy substance that is coated with black ink. Summers scratches into the coating with a blade, one line at a time, to reveal white lines under the black surface. Here, he used as few strokes as possible to evoke Jonas Salk's white smock. (There are two more Summers scratchboard portraits in the exhibit: Albert Sabin in this gallery, and Wilma Rudolph in Sports.)
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Mark Summers
Phil Jordan
Scratchboard
2006
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