Albert Sabin
Albert Sabin
Born in Bialystok, Poland {then part of Russia}, Albert Sabin {1906-1993} immigrated with his family to the United States in 1921. He went on to become one of the most esteemed virologists in the world. During the 1950s, he was successful in developing an orally-administered live-virus vaccine against polio. He was also involved in several humanitarian efforts, focusing on non-viral "diseases" such as poverty and ignorance. Dr. Sabin was honored with numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1986.

Close Up: Scratchboard artist Mark Summers likes to work from a single reference photograph, where even the shadows reveal some detail of shading. He scratches one line at a time, suggesting features by highlighting rather than outlining. Look how Summers draws Albert Sabin's white beard and hair against the stamp's white background. (Summers' portrait of Jonas Salk is also in this gallery; his portrait of Wilma Rudolph appears in Sports.)
Mark Summers
Phil Jordan
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